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Artlish Info Page

Artlish Caves Provincial Park - FreshwaterVI Resource Project

Entrance to Artlish River Cave

The name of the Artlish River is derived from the A’licath (Artlish) natives, part of the Kyuquot confederacy. The first recorded reference to the caves is in a 1932 report to the Canadian Geological Survey, although the caves were certainly known to local hunters, miners and timber cruisers prior to that. Formal exploration and documentation of the caves between 1974 and 1978 resulted in a cave survey of each under the names Artlish River Cave and The Black Hole, with 396 and 740 m (1,299 and 2,428 ft) of measured passage lengths respectively.

Increased publicity and concern over potential damage by timber harvesting led to a reserve around the two caves conferred by the BC Forest Service in 1977. This was elevated to provincial park status in 1996. The park protects Vancouver Island’s last remaining undisturbed karst unit that includes a major river cave. The area provides winter habitat and a migration corridor for Roosevelt elk, as well as habitat for sockeye, Coho, Chinook, and pink salmon, steelhead and rainbow trout. The park also protects coastal western hemlock and western red cedar as well as some amabilis fir and Sitka spruce.

Source: Wikipedia  – Image by Ian McKenzie, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Watershed Data:

fid
34.0
OBJECTID
59.0
WS_Area
124.960117684586
Rob_WS_ID
50.0
Area_km2
124.960117685
MIN_Elev
4.0
MAX_Elev
1521.0
MEDIAN_Elev
509.0
MEAN
55.5985085675
North
30.86
East
25.15125
South
35.156875
West
33.795625
Elev_0_300_m
26.35125
Elev_300_900_m
82.448125
Elev_900_m
16.164375
Karst_km3
28.6058886292
Karst_Percent
22.8920147957205
Lake_Watershed_Percent
0.0
Karmutzen_softer_harder_bedrock
2.73207736740911
Erodible_Harder_Bedrock
2.73207736740911
Stream_Order
5.0
First_Second_B_Ratio
2.31896551724138
Mean_of_all_B_Ratio
1.85280293533423
Total_Length_of_Streams_KM
221.3424
Drainage_Density
1.7713043497443
Main_Channel_Mean_Slope
8.205757
Basin_Length_KM
19.559
Form_Factor
0.326646284924839
Shape__Area
3.0372663740625E8
Shape__Length
109562.67823073
Lake_Watershed_Area
No value